Glossary

Anaconda
Anaconda Python distribution
Python distribution for large-scale data processing, predictive analytics, and scientific computing. https://www.continuum.io/
Binstar
Anaconda Server
Anaconda cloud
Binstar is a service that allows you to create and manage public and private Anaconda package repositories. https://anaconda.org/ https://docs.continuum.io/
Bokeh
Bokeh is a Python interactive visualization library that targets modern web browsers for presentation. Its goal is to provide elegant, concise construction of novel graphics in the style of D3.js, but also deliver this capability with high-performance interactivity over very large or streaming datasets. http://bokeh.pydata.org/en/latest/
Buildout
Buildout is a Python-based build system for creating, assembling and deploying applications from multiple parts, some of which may be non-Python-based. It lets you create a buildout configuration and reproduce the same software later. http://www.buildout.org/en/latest/
CDO
Climate Data Operators
CDO is a collection of command line Operators to manipulate and analyse Climate and NWP model Data. https://code.zmaw.de/projects/cdo
cfchecker
The NetCDF Climate Forcast Conventions compliance checker. https://pypi.python.org/pypi/cfchecker
climate indice
A climate index is a calculated value that can be used to describe the state and the changes in the climate system. http://icclim.readthedocs.io/en/latest/intro.html#climate-indices-label
CMIP5
In climatology, the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) is a framework and the analog of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) for global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coupled_model_intercomparison_project
Conda
The conda command is the primary interface for managing Anaconda installations. http://conda.pydata.org/docs/index.html
CORDEX
The CORDEX vision is to advance and coordinate the science and application of regional climate downscaling through global partnerships. http://www.cordex.org/
COWS
The COWS Web Processing Service (WPS) is a generic web service and offline processing tool developed within the Centre for Environmental Data Archival (CEDA). http://cows.ceda.ac.uk/cows_wps.html
CSW
Catalog Service
Catalog Service for the Web (CSW), sometimes seen as Catalog Service - Web, is a standard for exposing a catalogue of geospatial records in XML on the Internet (over HTTP). The catalogue is made up of records that describe geospatial data (e.g. KML), geospatial services (e.g. WMS), and related resources. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catalog_Service_for_the_Web
Dispel4py
Dispel4Py is a Python library for describing abstract workflows for distributed data-intensive applications. http://www2.epcc.ed.ac.uk/~amrey/VERCE/Dispel4Py/index.html
Docker
Docker - An open platform for distributed applications for developers and sysadmins. https://www.docker.com/
Docker Hub
Docker Hub manages the lifecycle of distributed apps with cloud services for building and sharing containers and automating workflows. https://hub.docker.com/
Emu
Emu is a Python package with some test proccess for Web Processing Services. http://emu.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
ESGF
Earth System Grid Federation
An open source effort providing a robust, distributed data and computation platform, enabling world wide access to Peta/Exa-scale scientific data. http://esgf.llnl.gov/
GeoPython
GitHub organisation of Python projects related to geospatial. https://geopython.github.io/
GeoServer
GeoServer is an open source software server written in Java that allows users to share and edit geospatial data. http://docs.geoserver.org/stable/en/user/index.html
GitHub
GitHub is a web-based Git repository hosting service. https://github.com/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GitHub
Gunicorn
Gunicorn Green Unicorn is a Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX. http://gunicorn.org/
Homebrew
The missing package manager for OS X. http://brew.sh/
ICCLIM
Indice Calculation CLIMate
ICCLIM (Indice Calculation CLIMate) is a Python library for computing a number of climate indices. http://icclim.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
Linuxbrew
Linuxbrew is a fork of Homebrew, the Mac OS package manager, for Linux. http://brew.sh/linuxbrew/
Malleefowl
Malleefowl is a Python package to simplify the usage of Web Processing Services. http://malleefowl.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
NetCDF
NetCDF (Network Common Data Form) is a set of software libraries and self-describing, machine-independent data formats that support the creation, access, and sharing of array-oriented scientific data. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NetCDF
Nginx
nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server. http://nginx.org/
ocgis
OpenClimateGIS
OpenClimateGIS (OCGIS) is a Python package designed for geospatial manipulation, subsetting, computation, and translation of climate datasets stored in local NetCDF files or files served through THREDDS data servers. https://www.earthsystemcog.org/projects/openclimategis/ https://github.com/NCPP/ocgis
OGC
Open Geospatial Consortium
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is an international voluntary consensus standards organization, originated in 1994. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Geospatial_Consortium, http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/wps
OpenID
OpenID (OID) is an open standard and decentralized protocol by the non-profit OpenID Foundation that allows users to be authenticated by certain co-operating sites (known as Relying Parties or RP) using a third party service. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenID, http://openid.net/
OWSLib
OWSLib is a Python package for client programming with Open Geospatial Consortium web service interface standards, and their related content models. OWSLib has WPS client library which is used in Birdhouse to access WPS services. http://geopython.github.io/OWSLib/, http://geopython.github.io/OWSLib/#wps
Phoenix
Pyramid Phoenix is a web-application build with the Python web-framework pyramid. Phoenix has a user interface to make it easier to interact with Web Processing Services. http://pyramid-phoenix.readthedocs.io/en/latest
PyCSW
pycsw is an OGC CSW server implementation written in Python. Started in 2010 (more formally announced in 2011), pycsw allows for the publishing and discovery of geospatial metadata, providing a standards-based metadata and catalogue component of spatial data infrastructures. http://pycsw.org/, https://github.com/geopython/pycsw
PyPi
Python Package Index
The Python Package Index is a repository of software for the Python programming language. https://pypi.python.org/pypi
Pyramid
Pyramid is a Python web framework. http://www.pylonsproject.org/
PyWPS
Python Web Processing Service is an implementation of the Web processing Service standard from Open Geospatial Consortium. http://pywps.org/
RestFlow
RestFlow is a dataflow programming language and runtime engine designed to make it easy for scientists to build and execute computational pipelines. https://github.com/restflow-org/restflow/wiki
Supervisor
Supervisor is a client/server system that allows its users to monitor and control a number of processes on UNIX-like operating systems. http://supervisord.org/
Taverna
Taverna is an open source and domain-independent Workflow Management System – a suite of tools used to design and execute scientific workflows. http://www.taverna.org.uk/
TDS
THREDDS
The THREDDS Data Server (TDS) is a web server that provides metadata and data access for scientific datasets, using a variety of remote data access protocols. http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/thredds/current/tds/
VisTrails
VisTrails is an open-source scientific workflow and provenance management system that supports data exploration and visualization. http://www.vistrails.org/index.php/Main_Page
WMS
Web Mapping Service
A Web Map Service (WMS) is a standard protocol for serving georeferenced map images over the Internet that are generated by a map server using data from a GIS database. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Map_Service
Workflow
Workflow Management System
A workflow management system (WfMS) is a software system for the set-up, performance and monitoring of a defined sequence of tasks, arranged as a workflow. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workflow_management_system
WPS
Web Processing Service
WPS is an open standard to search and run processes with a simple web-based interface. See: What is WPS?.
WSGI
WSGI is an interface specification by which server and application communicate. http://wsgi.tutorial.codepoint.net/
x509
In cryptography, X.509 is an ITU-T standard for a public key infrastructure (PKI) and Privilege Management Infrastructure (PMI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X.509
XML-RPC
It’s a spec and a set of implementations that allow software running on disparate operating systems, running in different environments to make procedure calls over the Internet. http://xmlrpc.scripting.com/default.html